Through repeated one-minute readings of the Fluency Practice Passages, students can increase their
reading rate and accuracy while also working on proper expression and smoothness. Fluency practice also
helps improve student comprehension and focus. View our Fluency Standards Table for additional information
about recommended reading rates.
By improving fluency and reading at a suitable rate with accuracy and inflection, students are
better able to comprehend more complex text. Word recognition and automaticity also improve with
repeated readings of short passages.
Passages are available from Levels F to Z and can be used for one-on-one reading, independent
timed reading, or partner timed reading.
You will need:
Start timing when the student begins reading the first word of the passage (the student will not read the title).
If the student struggles for more than 3 to 5 seconds, say the word so she or he can keep reading. After one
minute, say "Stop," and circle the last word read.
Resist the impulse to correct errors immediately as mistakes and self-correction will be reflected in the score.
If the student becomes frustrated, stop the test. Say the student can retake the assessment after more reading
practice. Choose a passage at a lower level for the next practice session.
As you follow along on your copy, make a slash ( / ) through any words the student misses or cannot read without
help. Mark a dash above words skipped. Errors include:
The following are not considered misses:
After about four to six readings, students should reach the target words-per-minute standard for their grade
level with an accuracy rate of 90 to 95 percent.
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