Assess reading fluency with two types of assessments. The first type of fluency assessment is a one-minute timed
reading of a passage to measure the number and accuracy of words read. There is a fluency passage for each level, F
through Z. The second type has a student perform a timed reading of a series of sentences and then answer true/false
statements about the sentences to show comprehension. There are three of these assessments, each with more difficult
sentences than the preceding one. View our Fluency Standards Table for additional information
about recommended reading rates.
You will need:
Start timing when the student begins reading the first word of the passage (the student will not read the title).
If the student struggles for more than 3 to 5 seconds, say the word so she or he can keep reading. After one
minute, say "Stop," and circle the last word read.
Resist the impulse to correct errors immediately as mistakes and self-correction will be reflected in the score.
If the student becomes frustrated, stop the test. Say the student can retake the assessment after more reading
practice. Choose a passage at a lower level for the next practice session.
As you follow along on your copy, make a slash ( / ) through any words the student misses or cannot read without
help. Mark a dash above words skipped. Errors include:
The following are not considered misses:
After about four to six readings, students should reach the target words-per-minute standard for their grade
level with an accuracy rate of 90 to 95 percent.
The Reading Sentences forms are used as an additional comprehension check to ensure that students attend to both speed and meaning.
The target score is 80% or more of sentences with a correct true or false answer.
As the Reading Sentences forms are an assessment of the student's comprehension of sentences in a timed reading environment, and the student is required to answer the questions, there is no target words-per-minute standard.
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