Fluency Timed Reading
Assess reading fluency with two types of assessments. The first type of fluency assessment is a one-minute timed reading of a passage to measure the number and accuracy of words read. There are fluency passages at various levels of text complexity. The second type has a student perform a timed reading of a series of sentences and then answer true/false statements about the sentences to show comprehension. There are three of these assessments, each with more difficult sentences than the preceding one. View our Fluency Standards Table for additional information about recommended reading rates.
Timed Reading Procedures
You will need:
- Two copies of the assessment passageone for the student and one for the instructor
- Stopwatch or clock
- Clipboard (so students will not see what you are writing)
Start timing when the student begins reading the first word of the passage (the student will not read the title). If the student struggles for more than 3 to 5 seconds, say the word so she or he can keep reading. After one minute, say "Stop," and circle the last word read.
Resist the impulse to correct errors immediately as mistakes and self-correction will be reflected in the score. If the student becomes frustrated, stop the test. Say the student can retake the assessment after more reading practice. Choose a passage at a lower level for the next practice session.
As you follow along on your copy, make a slash ( / ) through any words the student misses or cannot read without help. Mark a dash above words skipped. Errors include:
- Skipped words
- Mispronounced words
- Word substitutions, including incorrect forms of the word
- Words in the wrong order; both or all words are counted as wrong
- Struggling that lasts for 3 to 5 seconds, or more
The following are not considered misses:
- Added words
- Varying pronunciation due to accent, dialect, or speech impediment
- Repetitions in which the wording is correct
- Self-correcting a mistake; the word is scored as correct.
Timed Reading Scoring
- Write the student's goal rate in the box provided.
- Use the words-per-line totals in the margin to count the number of words read to find the words per minute (WPM) rate. Write this number and the date in the chart at the bottom.
- In the "Errors" line, record the number of mistakes (slashes) under Read 1 if this is the first reading, Read 2 if it is the second reading, and so on.
- Subtract the mistakes from the total number of words read to find the words correct per minute (WCPM).
- Divide the words correct per minute (WCPM) by the words per minute (WPM) and multiply this result by 100. This is the student's Accuracy/Reading Rate percentage.
- Record this number in the box.
After about four to six readings, students should reach the target words-per-minute standard for their grade level with an accuracy rate of 90 to 95 percent.
|Words Per Minute: 80
|Words Correct Per Minute (WCPM):
80 6 = 74
|Accuracy/Reading Rate percentage:
74/80 = 0.9
0.9 x 100 = 90%
Reading Sentence Procedures
The Reading Sentences forms are used as an additional comprehension check to ensure that students attend to both speed and meaning.
- Select the form that is the best fit for the student's reading level.
- Follow the Timed Reading Procedures when administering the assessment.
- To score this assessment, divide the total number of sentences answered correctly by the total number of sentences read. Multiply by 100 to get a percentage.
The target score is 80% or more of sentences with a correct true or false answer.
As the Reading Sentences forms are an assessment of the student's comprehension of sentences in a timed reading environment, and the student is required to answer the questions, there is no target words-per-minute standard.